Fixing nitrogen in the soil

The question was asked at our February 8th meeting, what does it mean that growing beans fixes nitrogen in the soil. Here is a good explanation. Note the source of the quoted material below.**

How Legumes 'Fix' Nitrogen in Your Soil

Legumes (peas, vetches, clovers, beans and others) grow in a symbiotic relationship with soil-dwelling bacteria. The bacteria take gaseous nitrogen from the air in the soil* and feed this nitrogen to the legumes; in exchange the plant provides carbohydrates to the bacteria. This is why legume cover crops are said to "fix" or provide a certain amount of nitrogen when they are turned under for the next crop or used for compost.

Rhizobacteria are naturally present in the soil, but their populations are often too low to maximize nitrogen fixation. For the best nitrogen fixation, inoculate or coat the seed with purchased rhizobium. Specific strains of rhizobacteria work with different legumes. Read the packages carefully to ensure that you purchase the correct rhizobacteria for the legume cover crop you have chosen to sow.

To coat the seed, put it in a container and moisten it slightly with water or milk. The liquid will help the inoculant coat the seed. Sprinkle approximately 1 heaping tablespoon of inoculant per ½ pound of seed.

The rhizobia are living organisms, so you should sow the seed as soon as possible after coating it. Do not leave inoculated seed in the sun because the soil-dwelling creatures can’t live in UV light.
All legumes need adequate supplies of phosphorus, calcium and sulfur. Fall is a good time to test the soil for these major nutrients and adjust the soil content by adding lime, rock phosphate or gypsum as needed.

*this is one reason it is important to have well aerated soil in your gardens and lots of organic matter in your soil as well. 

**This explanation found on http://www.seattletilth.org/learn/resources-1/almanac/october/octobermngg

Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen_fixation

Rain brings nitrogen into the soil, as well, in a form that plants can use. Lightening facilitates this process which is why plants do so well after rain and especially after a thunderstorm.***



Meeting Reminder, Thursday February 8, 6:30 PM GHS

We will be meeting for our first regular meeting of 2018 on Thursday, February 8 at 6:30 PM, Grantsburg High School room 115.

Agenda: Discuss new venues for meetings!! Discuss 30th Anniversary of the club. Any old business from 2017.
Program: Butchart Gardens (Victoria, Canada) presentation by Tim and Becky Tessman. Check out these fabulous gardens http://www.butchartgardens.com/

The main door of the school will be locked. We should have someone posted at the door until about 6:35. If you will be arriving late, please call Kris or Mary C to let them know your ETA. Mary Charmoli 715-349-8388 Kris Henning 715-689-2333. Knock on the door, if people are around, they will let you in, if not a cell phone number will be provided to call to be let in.


Master Gardener training to begin in April!!

Here is your chance to become a Master Gardener. The program is predicated upon graduates volunteering 24 hours per year of their time on community gardening projects and/or teaching children and adults about gardening. This can include volunteer hours in garden club! Ten hours per year of continuing education that is self directed is also a requirement to retain your Master Gardener credentials. The training is well worth the effort and you meet a lot of great people. Garden Club members qualify for a $75.00 scholarship at completion of the course.  So become a member if you aren't already a member and sign up for Master Gardener Training. See details below. 

Training at the Display Garden 2015

Training at the Display Garden 2015

Spooner, Wisconsin January 22, 2018.   Garden enthusiasts in Burnett, Sawyer and Washburn counties who are interested in learning more about horticulture and who have an interest in volunteering in their local communities can now register for the UW-Extension Master Gardener Volunteer Training program.  This program is a gateway to learning for personal growth, and a mission to volunteer through community events, school projects, outreach, and UW-Extension activities. 
The first session is scheduled to begin Tuesday, April 3 from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. at the Spooner Agricultural Research Station and continue each Tuesday evening through June 19, 2018.   An orientation session will be held on Saturday, March 17 from 9:00 a.m. to Noon.
Participants will receive a minimum of 36 hours of in-depth horticulture training.  Each week a different horticulture subject will be explored including: Annual, Perennial and Native Plants, Houseplants, Landscape Design, Fruit and Vegetables, Weeds, Wildlife, Soils, Insects, Plant Diseases and Low Input Lawn Care.  Participants will learn from a wide range of instructors from University of Wisconsin, UW-Extension, local experts and through on-line materials.
Cost of the course is $125 or $200 for two people willing to share printed materials; the fee includes access to on-line lectures and instructional material, the UW-Extension Master Gardener Manual: Foundations in Horticulture, a one year membership to the Wisconsin Master Gardener Association, and speaker costs.  Registration deadline is March 2, 2018. 
The purpose of this program is to train volunteers to assist UW-Extension with community projects related to horticulture, gardening, and nutrition.  To become a certified UW-Extension Master Gardener Volunteer participants must complete 36 hours of training, pass a final exam, and complete 24 hours of volunteer service per year.
The Spooner Area UW-Extension and Master Gardener Volunteers are sponsoring the Master Gardener Volunteer Training. For more information and an application, visit http://www.northcountrymgv.org/training.html or contact Kevin Schoessow,
Area Ag Development Educator at 715-635-3506, toll free 800-528-1914, or by e-mail at kevin.schoessow@ces.uwex.edu.  Or contact Sue Reinardy, UW-Extension Master Gardener Volunteer, 715-462-3361 or sreinardy@centurytel.net
The University of Wisconsin Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming.  Requests for reasonable accommodations for disabilities should be made prior to the date of the program or activity for which it is needed.  Please make such requests as early as possible by contacting your local UW-Extension Office so that proper arrangements can be made.
Lorraine Toman
University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Wisconsin-Extension
Spooner Agricultural Research Station
W6646 Highway 70
Spooner, WI  54801
Toll-Free:  800-528-1914
FAX:  715-635-6741
711 for Wisconsin Relay


Planning Session went well

Last week's planning session, despite rescheduling issues, went very well. We had hoped for more particiation but the rescheduling and weather did cause some confusion. We all came away with assignments to contact people and arrange details for the 2018 meetings calendar. Mary Charmoli hopes to make the final touches on the program by January 31st so they can be printed and put together for the February meeting.

In November we discovered that the High School is now locking their doors at all times for security issues. This causes a not small inconvenience for the club as members may have trouble gaining access to the building if no one is near the door to let them in. Usually there are school activities Thursday evenings with a lot of coming and going but not always. We were hoping to find a new more convenient venue but have not been successful as yet. The school is ideal because the room allows for workshops that make a mess and may require water and cleanup. It also allows long time member Wanda Bjorn to attend as she works evenings at the school. We are hoping to come up with an accommodation at the school that will allow us to continue to use it for our meetings.

Thursday, Feb 8 we will meet at the school and will have someone stationed at the door until at least 6:35 to let in members and public who wish to attend (all meetings are open to the public). Please let someone know if you plan to come but will be late. We will try to provide a phone number to call if you are late and there are no students or parents around who will let you in. We hope this is not too great an inconvenience.

Here are a few pictures from the planning meeting taken from my phone. 

Kris' planning meeting notes!

Kris and Popcorn

The meeting (sorry for the blurry image)
See you all on February 8!


2018 Officers

President-Kris Henning 715-689-2333 Frederic henning@grantsburgtelcom.net
Vice-President-Mary Charmoli 715-349-8388 Webster marycharmoli@gmail.com
Secretary-Linnea Seume 715-529-2958 Grantsburg daylilydiva54@icloud.com
Treasurer-Charlene Strabel 715-349-5935 Webster strabel@sirentel.net
Historian-Lucille Danielson, 715-689-2288 Grantsburg lumd@grantsburgtelcom.net
Notification, blog admin-Pam Davies, Grantsburg pameladavies@yahoo.com


Great time at Mary and Jim Charmoli's for the annual holiday party!

A group of about 14 enjoyed a delightful evening of seasonal cheer at the annual holiday party hosted by Mary and Jim Charmoli. As usual there was plenty of delectable food.

We had a short meeting before the gift exchange at which officers were elected. They are:
  • President, Kris Henning
  • Vice-president, Mary Charmoli
  • Secretary, Linnea Seume
  • Treasurer, Charlene Strabel
  • Blog/communications, Pam Davies.

Thank you to the 2018 officers who look suspiciously like the 2017 officers. Members are encouraged to step up to committee positions to support our hard working officers and to volunteer in the future to serve as an officer. The Grantoberfest committee is looking for a chair for 2018!

The executive board (officers and committee chairs) will meet soon to hammer out the program for 2018 and will get the bulletin out to the membership as soon after that as possible. The first meeting of 2018 will be February 8 with a new venue as the school now locks their doors for security reasons making it very inconvenient to continue to have meetings there. Plans are in motion to determine possible locations for meetings that will make it easier for members in the Siren/Webster areas to attend, possibly rotating the revue at every other meeting. 

Here are a few pictures from the festivities at the Charmoli residence compliments of Georgianne.

All around the table: Rhonda, Lucille, Linnea, Janet, Jim,
Charlene hiding in the corner, Becky and Pam  

Charlene, you can't hide from Georgianne's camera!

Mary G, enjoying a full plate of food!

Sandy and Kris hamming it up in the kitchen with Lisa and Mary

Beautiful buffets, more food in the kitchen!

Couple of guys who crashed the party!

Thanks Mary and Jim for hosting the party and thanks everyone who came and brought good holiday cheer and great food!

Holiday in the Park 2017

A group effort by Lisa, Sandy and Pam! (the moon in the background is really just a light).